Magneto-electroluminescence study of fringe field in ‘magnetic’ organic light emitting diodes
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Magneto-electroluminescence (MEL) represents the electroluminescence intensity change upon the application of an external magnetic field. We show that the MEL field response in ‘magnetic’ organic light emitting diodes, where one electrode is ferromagnetic (FM), is a powerful technique for measuring the induced fringe field, B ？_F from the FM electrode into the organic layer. We found that the in-plane fringe field, B ？_(F||) from 3 nm Co and Ni80Fe20 FM electrodes is proportional to the applied field, B ？_(||). The fringe field of 3 nm Ni80Fe20 film was also investigated for an applied out-of-plane magnetic field, B ？_⊥. We found that the out-of-plane fringe field has two components; a component that is parallel or antiparallel to B ？_⊥ and remains unchanged with the distance, d from the FM electrode. Whereas the other component is highly inhomogeneous, parallel to the surface and steeply decreases with d. We show that the obtained B ？_F is independent of the underlying mechanism for the MEL(B) response, and thus may be considered as universal.