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Changing the World through Creative Research

Fully Integrated Photoacoustic Microscopy and Photoplethysmography of Human In Vivo


Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is used to visualize blood vessels and to monitor their time-dependent changes. Photoplethysmography (PPG) measures hemodynamic time-series changes such as heart rate. However, PPG’s limited visual access to the dynamic changes of blood vessels has prohibited further understanding of hemodynamics. Here, we propose a novel, fully integrated PAM and photoplethysmography (PAM-PPG) system to understand hemodynamic features in detail. Using the PAM-PPG system, we simultaneously acquire vascular images (by PAM) and changes in the blood volume (by PPG) from human fingers. Next, we determine the heart rate from changes in the PA signals, which match well with the PPG signals. These changes can be measured if the blood flow is not blocked. From the results, we believe that PAM-PPG could be a useful clinical tool in various clinical fields such as cardiology and endocrinology.

Photoacoustics 27 (2022) 100374